CNS News 
January 3, 2012
As the European Union on Sunday began charging all airlines entering European airspace for their carbon emissions, the German carrier Lufthansa became the first to warn that ticket prices will inevitably rise as a result.
A legal challenge against inclusion in the E.U.’s emissions trading scheme (ETS), led by airlines in the U.S., failed shortly before Christmas when the European Court of Justice (ECJ)ruled against it .
Opponents have argued that imposing the ETS undermines national sovereignty, violates international law, and weakens attempts to achieve a global solution through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). U.S. airlines and officials are joined in their opposition by counterparts in India, China, Russia and several dozen other countries.
For their part, environmental advocates say the ICAO has taken too long to come up with a solution, first called for under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The E.U.’s Executive Commission says aviation accounts for three percent of total emissions of greenhouse gases blamed for “global warming.”