August 16, 2013
Egyptian security forces have been authorized to use lethal force to prevent further riots ahead of a March of Anger called by the Muslim Brotherhood on Friday. Tensions are running high after Wednesday’s crackdown on protesters.
The Brotherhood called for marches in towns and villages across Egypt to protest the forceful break-up of two sit-in camps by supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi, which left more than 500 people dead and thousands injured.
“After the blows and arrests and killings that we are facing, emotions are too high to be guided by anyone,”said Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad.
In a countermove, a loose liberal and leftist coalition, the National Salvation Front, called on Egyptians to protest Friday against what it said was “obvious terrorism actions” conducted by Morsi’s supporters. Many young, liberal Egyptians were among the vocal supporters of the military ouster of Morsi’s government and clashed with the Muslim Brotherhood crowds on several occasions during the six-week standoff that followed the coup.
Egyptian authorities cited the need to protect state property and ensure people’s security as the reason for authorizing the use of lethal force against protesters.
“The Interior Ministry has instructed all forces to use live ammunition to counter any attacks on government buildings or forces,” the ministry said in a statement after hundreds of Morsi supporters stormed a government building in Giza and set it alight Thursday. Muslim Brotherhood supporters also targeted dozens of Coptic Christian churches and buildings across the country in a wave of retaliatory violence and arson.
Following Wednesday’s clashes, a month-long state of emergency has been declared in major cities including Cairo, Alexandria and Suez, and a dusk-till-dawn curfew imposed. However, demonstrators are reportedly ignoring the curfew, and continuing to express their anger over the military crackdown.
Supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt’s ousted president Mohamed Morsi throw stones during clashes with security forces in Cairo on August 14, 2013, as security forces backed by bulldozers moved in on two huge pro-Morsi protest camps, launching a long-threatened crackdown that left dozens dead. (AFP Photo)
The UN Security Council in New York condemned the bloodshed in Egypt in an emergency session Thursday, and called for an end to violence clashes in the country.
“The view of council members is that it is important to end violence in Egypt and that the parties exercise maximum restraint,” Argentine UN Ambassador Maria Cristina Perceval told reporters after the Security Council met in closed session. “There was a common desire on the need to stop violence and to advance national reconciliation.”
Earlier, US President Barack Obama canceled joint military exercises with Egypt in a sign of displeasure with the Cairo government’s crackdown. However, he made no moves to end or suspend annual US military aid of $1.3 billion to the country.
“The United States strongly condemns the steps that have been taken by Egypt’s interim government and security forces,” Obama said. His comments prompted the Egyptian government to fire back, saying that his accusations were groundless.
“The [Egyptian] presidency fears statements not based on facts may encourage violent armed groups,” the office of Egypt’s interim presidency said in a statement. “Egypt is facing terrorist acts aimed at government institutions and vital installations.”
An Egyptian security forces’ armoured vehicle drives amidst the remains of a protest camp set up by supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi and members of the Muslim Brotherhood after a crackdown on August 14, 2013 near Cairo’s Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque. (AFP Photo)
According to the latest figures from the Egyptian Health Ministry, at least 638 people were killed and 3,994 injured after authorities destroyed pro-Morsi protest camps on Wednesday. At least 43 of those killed were security personnel.
The opposition says that at least 4,500 were killed in the violence. Activists claim that authorities are raiding mosques and pressuring the relatives of victims to say they committed suicide, and that the authorities are refusing to include bodies mutilated by fire in the official death toll.
Hundreds of victims’ bodies were stored in makeshift morgues set up in mosques across Egypt after the massacre. Medics in at least one mosque also accused the Health Ministry of understating the real number of casualties.
Wednesday’s violence may be a key turning point for Egypt, as the antagonisms between various factions are leading toward a profound split in society, says Ethar El Katatney, an award-winning journalist and author.
“I have never seen so much hatred from Egyptians towards their fellow Egyptians,” she told RT. “And it’s not just Christian-Muslim – which is already a problem we have in Egypt. It’s Muslims talking about their fellow Muslim Egyptians in a sense that they deserve to die, that ‘we are still sad they died, but at least now we can be free from the terrorist sit-ins.’ That is one of the worst and scariest developments.”
An Egyptian woman mourns at a mosque in Cairo where lines of bodies wrapped in shrouds were laid out on August 15, 2013, following a bloody crackdown on the protest camps of supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi the previous day. (AFP Photo)
The sense of a looming chasm between the government and opposition is growing in the streets. The military were long viewed as a source of stability and order by many Egyptians, and the public support for the coup was largely based on the hopes that the military would change things for the better after more than two years of turmoil and sluggish economy.
The bloodshed marks a point of no return, Dr. Mohammed Mahmoud, who was on duty when the first casualties started coming in on Wednesday, told RT’s Paula Slier.
“Always in history the Egyptian army was [there] to defend us, not to kill us. That is why I am saying this is very bad and black chapter,” he said.