Wednesday, Dec 30th, 2009
Narration on the life of George Washington by David McCullough.
George Washington was the commander of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) and the first President of the United States of America (1789-1797). For his central role in the formation of the United States, he is often referred to as the father of his country.
The Continental Congress appointed Washington commander-in-chief of the American revolutionary forces in 1775. The following year, he forced the British out of Boston, lost New York City, and crossed the Delaware River in New Jersey, defeating the surprised enemy units later that year. As a result of his strategy, Revolutionary forces captured the two main British combat armies at Saratoga and Yorktown. Negotiating with Congress, the colonial states, and French allies, he held together a tenuous army and a fragile nation amid the threats of disintegration and failure. Following the end of the war in 1783, King George III asked what Washington would do next and was told of rumors that he’d return to his farm; this prompted the king to state, “If he does that, he will be the greatest man in the world.” Washington did return to private life and retired to his plantation at Mount Vernon.
He presided over the Philadelphia Convention that drafted the United States Constitution in 1787 because of general dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation. Washington became President of the United States in 1789 and established many of the customs and usages of the new government’s executive department.
Washington was awarded the very first Congressional Gold Medal with the Thanks of Congress.
Washington died in 1799, and the funeral oration delivered by Henry Lee stated that of all Americans, he was “first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen”. Washington has been consistently ranked by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.
This article was posted: Wednesday, December 30, 2009 at 4:56 am