Florida's embattled child-welfare agency -- the Department of
Children & Families -- employs at least 183 people who have been
arrested and punished for an array of felonies including child
molestation, child abuse, sex crimes, drug dealing, even welfare
fraud against the agency itself, a Herald investigation has
For instance, the head of the agency's data-security team in
Tallahassee is listed on the state's list of sexual predators for
molesting a 5-year-old boy.
In other cases, the crimes committed by DCF employees are
directly relevant to the positions of trust they now hold.
In Miami, the director of rehabilitative services for a mental
hospital has twice been arrested for cocaine buys.
In Chattahoochee, a man who supervises mental patients was
charged with attempted first-degree murder in 1986 for firing a shot
at his wife and racking a shotgun at her as she cowered with their
son in a closet. He pleaded no contest to lesser charges.
In Kissimmee, the DCF hired a child-abuse investigator who two
years earlier was convicted of violating a restraining order issued
after she threw a brick through her ex-boyfriend's living room
window and smashed his car windshield with a tire iron.
In Gainesville, a night supervisor at a home for the
developmentally disabled was convicted in 1994 in a string of six
burglaries at an apartment complex where her job as a maid gave her
access to a pass key.
In Tampa, a family services counselor was allowed to keep her job
despite charges that she beat up her 68-year-old mother in the front
yard during an argument.
Administrators of the DCF -- already beleaguered by criticism
over the agency's handling of cases involving missing children that
led to the resignation of department Secretary Kathleen Kearney --
say they have worked hard to screen employees.
In most cases, they say, the agency was aware of the charges and
thoroughly reviewed the backgrounds of the employees to make sure
their lives were back on track and that DCF clients would not be
''In a perfect world, none of our employees would have any kind
of criminal past,'' said Tim Bottcher, a DCF spokesman in
Tallahassee. ``But we just know that is unrealistic. In reality, we
are no different that any other large organization.''
He said the 183 employees found by The Herald should be
considered in the context of an enormous agency with 24,000
``When it comes to our attitude on employees who have broken the
law, we have considered the offenses and acted accordingly.''
The DCF, however, had not complied with Herald requests to
provide personnel files to verify many of the agency's actions in
DCF administrators acknowledged that in some cases the agency did
not know about the criminal pasts of its employees.
This week, three submitted their resignations after Herald
inquiries. They include the Miami rehabilitative services director,
a human-services worker at Florida State Hospital in Chattahoochee
who pleaded no contest to selling cocaine in 1994, and a
human-services analyst in Miami caught in an insurance-fraud scheme
DCF administrators said each of them failed to disclose their
arrests to the DCF as required by the agency.
Among the 183 employees charged were three who have been punished
for child abuse, 22 for grand theft, seven for aggravated battery,
two for DUI manslaughter, three for dealing drugs, 10 for aggravated
assault with a weapon and nine for welfare fraud.
The Herald also found one man, a $61,446-per-year supervisor in
the DCF's data-processing center in Tallahassee, on Florida's
registry of sexual predators.
Carl Avery Anderson, 43, was hired in 1988 while he was still on
house arrest for molesting a 5-year-old boy in his care. According
to police records, he admitted to the charges and pleaded no contest
to lewd and lascivious assault on a child in 1987.
The charges cost Anderson his data job at the Florida Department
of Law Enforcement.
Anderson now insists he is innocent and that police tricked him
into a confession.
''I have never been in trouble in my life,'' he told The Herald.
``If I had tried to fight that . . . maybe I could have gotten off.
I pleaded because I was ignorant. People who know me know I didn't
He is now head of the DCF's data-security team, where he
supervises three others and is responsible for making sure the
agency's enormous stockpile of sensitive and private information
remains that way.
''He has been an excellent employee who has been promoted during
his career here,'' Bottcher said. ``It would be a concern of ours if
he had direct contact with clients, but we don't feel his job is
relevant to the crimes.
''He does have security clearance that would allow him to access
client information,'' Bottcher said. ``We did not consider him to be
Some of the names on The Herald's list entered pretrial diversion
programs in which prosecutors agreed to drop the cases after the
charges were filed and the people completed a program of probation,
counseling or specialized classes.
Among them: Bart Harrell, 40, who was hired as a
patient-activities coordinator at the Chattahoochee mental hospital
less than seven months after he was charged in 1989 with sexual
battery on a person younger than 18 in Alabama, according to records
Employees were not required to disclose arrests to the DCF before
a policy change in 1994, said Walt Cook, the DCF's assistant
director of human resources.
Harrell declined to speak about the case but said: ``Those
records are supposed to be sealed and expunged. You are about to
ruin my life again over something that didn't happen 13 years
Among others who were hired or kept their jobs after agreeing to
Sabrina Barnes, 32, a
child-protective investigator in Kissimmee. In 1996, police reports
say, she smashed an ex-boyfriend's windshield and threw a brick
through his window. Barnes was later convicted of violating a
domestic violence injunction after another confrontation with the
Susan Arnick Alston, 55, a
family services counselor in Tampa. According to police, she beat up
her 68-year-old mother in the front yard in 1993.
In both cases, DCF administrators say they were aware of the
''People make mistakes in their lives, and there's such a thing
as rehabilitation,'' said Yvonne Vassel, a DCF spokeswoman in
Barnes' district. ``The process was followed, and she was truthful
with her disclosures to the state.''
Alston, who licenses foster homes, was put on administrative
duties until the completion of her court case.
''Had she pleaded guilty or no contest, she would have been
disqualified from her employment,'' said Shauna Donovan, spokeswoman
for the agency's Tampa district. ``But since the charges were
dismissed, she was allowed to return to her normal duties.''
In Miami, two employees resigned Friday amid The Herald
Calvin Eugene Dandy, 54, the
$45,000-per-year Miami director of rehabilitative services at the
South Florida Evaluation and Treatment Center. He resigned after
being confronted by district administrators about a 1999 arrest for
buying cocaine that he failed to disclose.
All employees are required to disclose any arrests immediately,
and employees in sensitive ''caretaker'' positions -- those who
spend more than 15 hours a week in direct contact with DCF clients
-- are reassigned until the criminal case is closed.
If employees in caretaker positions are convicted or plead no
contest to most felonies and first-degree misdemeanors, they will be
fired unless they apply for and are granted an exemption.
Lucian Bledsoe, the agency's human resources director in Miami,
said Dandy failed to disclose his 1999 arrest, which came 14 months
after the agency granted him an exemption for a similar charge from
1993. He was sentenced to probation in 1993. In 1999, the charges
were dropped because lab reports on the drugs did not come back in
time for a crucial court date, according to Miami-Dade state
attorney's office records.
Dandy did not return repeated messages left at his home and
''The bottom line is he knew his responsibility to disclose that
arrest, and he didn't do it,'' Bledsoe said.
Also resigning Friday:
Mercedes Medina, 52, a
$28,000-a-year human-services analyst in Miami, failed to disclose a
1998 arrest for insurance fraud. She pleaded no contest to a string
of staged auto accidents, court records show.
''I was trying to help some people out,'' Medina told The Herald.
``But it was so stupid. The stupidest thing I have ever done in my
Medina acknowledged she never told the DCF about the
insurance-fraud allegations or 1997 arrests for drunken driving. She
said she didn't think it was required.
The Herald found two DCF employees in caretaker positions who
have been charged and punished for child abuse, including Jennie
Arnett Barkley, now 54, another supervisor who oversees mental
patients at Chattahoochee.
She pleaded no contest and served two years' probation on 1986
charges of grand theft and child abuse after she took her
15-year-old daughter on a shoplifting spree at Gayfer's, court
Barkley declined to be interviewed.
The Herald also found nine current employees who were charged and
punished for defrauding the agency itself out of welfare money,
including one woman who was hired in June while still on probation
for the charge.
Another recent DCF hire was 27-year-old Amy Curtis, who in May
became a night supervisor at Tocachale in Gainesville, an
institution of group homes for the developmentally disabled.
Curtis was convicted in 1994 in a series of six burglaries at an
apartment complex where her job as a maid gave her a pass key, court
She had twice been denied the job because of her past, but in May
the agency relented.
Tom Barnes, the DCF's district spokesman, said ``there was a
feeling she had moved from blaming her crimes on her circumstances.
She was now taking responsibility.''
Barnes said such demanding jobs that pay so little sometimes
force the agency to ``strike a balance.''
''We are very aware that the most vulnerable people in our
community are trusted to people in circumstances where there is a
potential for these kinds of backgrounds,'' he said. ``It's a
constant battle to keep these positions filled.''
Another institution with a concentration of employees with past
criminal charges is the mental hospital at Chattahoochee.
The Herald found 46 hospital employees with felony charges in
their backgrounds including aggravated battery, robbery, fraud,
burglary, arson and trafficking in stolen property.
Among them is Frank Dickens, 55, who for 36 years has supervised
mental patients at the facility.
In 1986, Dickens was charged with attempted first-degree murder
and battery after his wife called police and told them he fired a
shot at her head in a drunken rage. According to police reports, he
shot at her with a pistol in the kitchen after she tried to stop him
from whipping their son with a belt.
Dickens pleaded no contest to shooting within a building and
aggravated assault. He served 90 days in Gadsden County Jail and was
placed on probation for five years. But he was not convicted because
a judge agreed to withhold an adjudication of guilt.
Dickens told The Herald the gun went off accidentally and that
his wife fabricated most of her allegations.
''Your wife can tell on you tomorrow, and the police could pick
you up for it,'' he said.
Dickens was granted an exemption as a caretaker employee in 1997,
spokesman Bottcher said, in large part because of his long career of
service at Chattahoochee.
Dickens said his crimes are minor compared with what he has seen
inside the walls of the mental hospital in his 36 years as an
''We've had women killed in that place, strangled. We've had
people shot,'' Dickens said. ``I've been beat up, threatened at
knife point. It's a disaster up there, and you're asking me whether
I should be working there?
''Some of these people have committed the worst crimes you can
imagine,'' Dickens said. ``And they're worse than I am, because
they've been convicted.''